Florence

Anastasia Travelsia
25 дек
I have never been before in such romantic city. There are a lot of museums and beautiful galleries. Florence reminds me of Barcelona by its small streets and also of Rome by its churches.

Santa Maria Novella

Chronologically, it is the first great basilica in Florence. It contain a multiplicity of art treasures and funerary monuments. Especially famous are frescoes by masters of Gothic and early Renaissance.

The Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore

The cathedral complex, located in Piazza del Duomo. It includes the Baptistery and Giotto's Campanile. These three buildings are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site covering the historic center of Florence and are a major attraction to tourists visiting Tuscany.

The cathedral was begun at the end of the 13th century by Arnolfo di Cambio, and the dome, which dominates the exterior, was added in the 15th century on a design of Filippo Brunelleschi.

Entrance into Florence's cathedral remains free but for Baptistery and Giotto's Campanile you need to pay (about 17 EUR for all). And don't forget to climb up to the very top of the cupola.

Baptistry

Its one of the most ancient churches in Florence.

The building we see today, at any rate, is the result of an earlier baptistry, dating back to the 4th or 5th century AD, being rebuilt on a grander scale.

The doors of the Baptistery, in particular, those of the Gate of Heaven, feature a modern and vital sculpture, realized with impressive perspective solutions. They are a symbol of Florentine Reinassance.  The iconography of the three bronze doors depicts, as in a gigantic illustrated Bible, the Old Testament Stories (East Gate), the stories of Saint John the Baptist (South Gate), and the Stories of Christ, or New Testament (North Gate).

Giotto's Bell Tower

The tower reaches 84,70 meters in height and stands next to the Duomo, with which it shares a similar facade made of red, white and green marble inlay.

Prepare yourself for some breathtaking experiences (and I don’t mean just for the climb). Making your way to the top of Giotto’s Campanile (an unmistakable symbol of Florence) will certainly be one of these memorable moments.

Cathedral Museum (Museo dell'Opera del Duomo)

The present museum was founded in 1891 and has continued to receive all the works that were removed and continue to be removed (to grant their preservation) from S. Maria del Fiore and from the Baptistery. The numbers give us just an “inkling” of what is really behind these monuments: 6,000 sq. mt of showroom space, over 1000 years standing in Florence, more than 750 works of art, a little more than 720 years of service by the commission, set in 25 rooms with floor plan on 3 levels.

Santissima Annunziata

Roman Catholic minor basilica in Florence. It is located on the northeastern side of the Piazza Santissima Annunziata near the city center.

The breath-taking interior, with arches and piers sheathed in colored marble (16th and 17th century), has a golden ceiling decorated between 1664 and 1670 to a design by Baldasarre Franceschini, known as Volterrano.

Santa Croce

It is situated on the Piazza di Santa Croce. It is the burial place of some of the most illustrious Italians, such as Michelangelo, Galileo, Machiavelli, the poet Foscolo, the philosopher Gentile and the composer Rossini. Legend says that Santa Croce was founded by St Francis himself. Its the largest Franciscan church in the world.

Loggia dei Lanzi

The Loggia is situated at the Piazza della Signoria. It consists of wide arches open to the street. The Loggia in origin served to house the assemblies of the people and hold public ceremonies and the official ceremonies of the Florentine Republic, like those of takeover of the lordships. In the 1500’s the Loggia became used from the gran dukes of Tuscany for the festivity of the Homages of the cities subject to Florence. During this period in the Loggia were the statues of Judith and Holofernes (1455-1460) by Donatello (today in Palazzo Vecchio), of Perseus (1545-1554) by Benvenuto Cellini, of the Rape of the Sabine Women (1581-1583) by Giambologna.

Palazzo Vecchio

It overlooks the Piazza della Signoria with its copy of Michelangelo's David statue as well as the gallery of statues in the adjacent Loggia dei Lanzi.

Ponte Vecchio

The Ponte Vecchio or ‘Old Bridge’, that joins the center of the city with the district of Oltrarno on the south bank of the river Arno, is surely one of the great icons of Florence and one of the most famous bridges in the world. It crosses the river at its narrowest point within the city and a series of bridges – of which this the fifth – have stood on or around this spot since the days of the Ancient Romans. It is best known today for the wooden-shuttered goldsmiths’ shops that line both sides of it.

Uffizi

The Gallery entirely occupies the first and second floors of the large building constructed between 1560 and 1580 and designed by Giorgio Vasari. It is famous worldwide for its outstanding collections of ancient sculptures and paintings (from the Middle Ages to the Modern period). The Uffizi hosted over two and a half million visitors in 2017, making it the most visited art gallery in Italy. In high season (particularly in July), waiting times can be up to five hours. Tickets are available online in advance, however, to significantly reduce the waiting time.

Florence Academy of Art

The Florence Academy of Art, an atelier started and directed by the American artist Daniel Graves in 1991. The academy was founded to offer training to aspiring professional draftsmen, painters, and sculptors who desire to work in the tradition of the Old Masters. The main halls at the Accademia also offer visitors works by great Italian artists such as Sandro Botticelli, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Pontormo, Andrea del Sarto, Alessandro Allori and Orcagna....

Pitti Palace

The palace, which houses several important museums, was built in the second half of the 15th century probably on a project of Filippo Brunelleschi for Luca Pitti but was unfinished at his death in 1472. In the late 18th century, the palazzo was used as a power base by Napoleon and later served for a brief period as the principal royal palace of the newly united Italy. The palace and its contents were donated to the Italian people by King Victor Emmanuel III in 1919. The Palazzo is now the largest museum complex in Florence. It is 32,000 square meters and divided into several principal galleries or museums.

The Boboli Gardens

The Garden that extends from the hill behind the Pitti Palace as far as Porta Romana, reached its current extension and appearance, becoming one of the largest and most elegant Italian style gardens, through several stages of enlargement and restructuring work carried out at different times.

The Boboli gardens are a spectacular example of "green architecture" decorated with sculptures and the prototype which inspired many European Royal gardens, in particular, Versailles.

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